Risk Factors


The following is a list of conditions that increase this risk of heat-related illness:

  • Poor physical condition
  • Previous heatstroke sufferer
  • Living in a urban setting (especially at higher floors)
  • Restricted access to air-conditioning
  • Age (very young and over 65)
  • Cardio-respiratory disease
  • Poor mental cognition
  • Sleep Deprivation
  • Sudden exposure to hot weather
  • Obesity
  • Sunburn
  • Physical impairment / lack of mobility
  • Exertion in hot weather
  • Mental illness
  • Hemoglobin S (sickle cell trait)
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Dehydration
  • Diabetes
  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Previous stroke sufferer

(Sources: AAFP / Mayo Clinic / University of Chicago)


The following is a list of medications and substances that increase the risk of heat-related illness:

  • Alcohol
  • Alpha-adrenergic agonists (“alpha blockers”)
  • Amphetamines
  • Anticholinergics
  • Antihistamines
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Beta blockers
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Cocaine
  • Diuretics
  • Ephedra-containing supplements
  • Laxatives
  • Neuroleptics
  • Phenothiazines
  • Stimulants
  • Thyroid receptor agonists
  • Tricyclic antidepressants

(Source:  AAFP)

 

Next: Prevention